i. He who was so indulgent as to spare wicked Agag, chapter 15, is now so severe as to destroy his own worthy son.” (Poole). Under the pomegranate-tree which is in Migron. First, the oath itself and the penalty on the oath breaker were simply bad and foolish laws and should not have been enforced. One day, Jonathan said to the young man, ‘We will go across to the Philistine army on the other side.’ But Jonathan did not tell his father. Saul’s royal glory is almost gone, and it is appropriate that he associates with a relative of the man named “The Glory Has Departed.”. The Philistines were, by the power of God, set against one another. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. 5. Likewise all the men of Israel who had hidden in the mountains of Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, they also followed hard after them in the battle. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). ii. They were all tired and hungry. So the LORD saved Israel that day, and the battle shifted to Beth Aven. Samuel grows in credit. ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY - 1 SAMUEL 14 1 Samuel 13 - 1 Samuel 15 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . Choose a verse from '1 Samuel 14' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org. Instead, he followed the bold hope and impression of his heart. And the name of one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. The strength of Saul’s army grew (, when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. Seneh" (1 Samuel 14:4). Jonathan could strengthen himself in promises such as Leviticus 26:8: Five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight; your enemies shall fall by the sword before you, : Perhaps this was just an oversight, or something easily and properly explained. Of course, if Saul knew that it was Jonathan who violated his oath, he would never had said this. He may choose not to act until we partner with Him in trust. It was reasonable for the Philistines to think these were Hebrew deserters surrendering to the Philistines because they thought it was better than hiding in a hole. Jonathan was Saul's son. a. ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY - 1 SAMUEL 14 1 Samuel 13 - 1 Samuel 15 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . 1 Samuel 14 Matthew Henry's Commentary. Jonathan’s bold faith in God had much more to do with the victory on that day than Saul’s foolish oath. Between the passes by which Jonathan sought to cross over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp crag on the one side and a sharp crag on the other side, and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. : Perhaps Jonathan should not have said this. Imagine Saul’s shock when the lot indicated that he and Jonathan were the guilty group! Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. On the surface, this sounds so spiritual. Come up after me, for the LORD had delivered them into the hand of Israel. d. And they fell before Jonathan: Jonathan knew that the battle was the LORD’s, yet he knew God would use him to fight. there. So now I must die!” And Saul answered, “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”, Saul and Jonathan were taken, but the people escaped. 1 Samuel 14:15 Or a terrible panic; 1 Samuel 14:18 Hebrew; Septuagint “Bring the ephod.” (At that time he wore the ephod before the Israelites.) Bible Study Tools; Original Language Tools; Historical Writings; Pastoral Resources; Personal Resources; Site Resources; advertisement. Let’s just pray instead.” If we only want victory or only want to be used by God when it is. : The implication in this phrase is that the victory might have been greater if not for Saul’s foolish oath. You can also change some of your preferences. Then Saul said to the people who, with him, “Now call the roll and see who has gone from us.” And when they had called the roll, surprisingly, Jonathan and his armorbearer, . d. While Saul talked to the priest… the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.” Eventually, the noise of God and Jonathan fighting against the Philistines became so loud that Saul knew he had to also fight. c. For as the LORD lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die: This shows how sure Saul was that he was right. ii. 2. God was just waiting for someone with the bold trust of Jonathan. On this day of battle, because of Saul’s foolish command, the people were so hungry they broke this command. 1 Samuel 14 – Victory Over the Philistines A. Jonathan’s adventure in faith. i. i. Saul wanted everyone to know that he and his son Jonathan were innocent, so that was the first division. : Jonathan, in his bold trust in the LORD, had just struck a mighty blow against the Philistines. The armor bearer helped the officer in battle and in the administration of the army. The naming of such landmarks has continued throughout history. b. b. 1 Samuel 14:3. Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. And God provided, No one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. For as the LORD lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die, : This shows how sure Saul was that he was right. But the people did not know that Jonathan had gone. : This was useless at the moment. Something had to be done, and Jonathan was willing to let God use him. And Saul said, “Come over here, all you chiefs of the people, and know and see what this sin was today. ” in the Hebrew is very close to the word for, : Saul was shaken. Jonathan could have just prayed that God would rain down fire from heaven on the Philistines. Insight, commentary and analysis. There was a sense in which he was undercutting his father’s authority before the troops. When the morale and the physical energy of Israel should have been the strongest, the army was weak and discouraged. In addition to these more general instructions to Saul as Israel’s king, there are the very specific instructions (“the command”) of 1 Samuel 10:8. Very well: This indicates that Jonathan took the support of his armor bearer as confirmation. The next chapter will fully expose the weakness of Saul. He chooses them, that by them he should make his mighty power known.” (Meyer). ii. No matter what Saul’s motive was, this was foolish. All the people loved and respected Jonathan and they knew that Saul was in the wrong. right in front of their eyes. : It seems that the Philistines were under a divine confusion and they woke that morning thinking “We are attacked by enemies in our midst!” They rushed about thinking their fellow Philistines might be the enemy and began to fight and kill one another. Saul put the army of Israel under an oath, so he could take vengeance on his enemies. The Israeli army was hot on the pursuit of the fleeing Philistines. Wherever he turned, he harassed them. But Jonathan knew that God uses the bold action and fighting spirit of His people. i. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. : In his step of faith, Jonathan wanted to know if God was really leading. of the land came to a forest; and there was honey on the ground. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. If they say thus to us, ‘Wait until we come to you,’ then we will stand still in our place and not go up to them. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath. He fought many successful wars. d. My father has troubled the land: Perhaps Jonathan should not have said this. with Saul and Jonathan. The request for Samuel's aid (1 Sa 9:5-14) The suggestion of Saul's servant (1 Sa 9:5-10) The directions of the women (1 Sa 9:11-14) The preparation of Samuel (1 Sa 9:15-17) The meeting of Saul and Samuel (1 Sa 9:18-27) Saul's anointing by Samuel (1 Sa 10:1-16) The anointing and instructions by Samuel (1 Sa 10:1-8) If any such fast was to be declared and a curse attached to it, Samuel had the spiritual authority to do it, not Saul. Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. The people rushed on the spoil… and the people ate them with the blood: God specifically commanded Israel that they should always properly drain the blood from an animal before they butchered it (Deuteronomy 12:23-25). “Armor-bearers in ancient times had to be unusually brave and loyal, since the lives of their masters often depended on them.” (Youngblood). And the name of one. Between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side. How the word of the Lord was first revealed to Samuel. We want God to do a great work, so we should fast today. Of fasting unto the LORD it to his father: perhaps this was provision from God he! It did the weary soldier well: this is wise courage in God daughters,: Saul was sitting this! You have dealt treacherously: Saul was in the camp, in Samuel. 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