This argues that the dead culms create a large fuel load, and also a large target for lightning strikes, increasing the likelihood of wildfire. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. The absence of secondary growth wood causes the stems of monocots, including the palms and large bamboos, to be columnar rather than tapering.[4]. For example: In the process of water leaching, the bamboo is dried slowly and evenly in the shade to avoid cracking in the outer skin of the bamboo, thereby reducing opportunities for pest infestation. Of the total land area of the Earth, 40.5% of the surface is comprised of grasslands. Historically, a dominant raw material in South and South East Asia, the global bamboo industry has significantly grown in recent decades in part because of the high sustainability of bamboo as compared to other biomass cultivation strategies, such as traditional timber forestry. However, another argument against this is the lack of precedent for any living organism to harness something as unpredictable as lightning strikes to increase its chance of survival as part of natural evolutionary progress.[24]. Native to South America, where it is the dominant vegetation at elevations of 2000-2800 m over an … The scientific name of the grass family is called Poaceae. This brief life means culms are ready for harvest and suitable for use in construction within about three to seven years. [48], Since the fibers of bamboo are very short (less than 3 mm or 1⁄8 in), they are not usually transformed into yarn by a natural process. The story ends with the happy marriage of the farmer and the landlord's daughter after the landlord agreed to the marriage and asked to be separated from the bamboo. The Hans Sporry Collection in the Ethnographic Museum of Zurich University. All living things are classified according to their structural similarities based on phylogeny or shared ancestry. Durability of bamboo in construction is directly related to how well it is handled from the moment of planting through harvesting, transportation, storage, design, construction, and maintenance. [15] In the Americas, bamboo has a native range from 47 °S in southern Argentina and the beech forests of central Chile, through the South American tropical rainforests, to the Andes in Ecuador near 4,300 m (14,000 ft). Bamboo and Bermuda Grass common names in Hindi, in French, in German is different. Bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae. In many areas of the world, the sap levels in harvested bamboo are reduced either through leaching or postharvest photosynthesis. Pink Pampas Grass and Dwarf Nandina in Spanish is also different. A Buddhist monk, Zan Ning, wrote a manual of the bamboo shoot called Sǔn Pǔ (筍譜) offering descriptions and recipes for many kinds of bamboo shoots. Chinese bamboo furniture is a distinct style based on a millennia-long tradition, and bamboo is also used for floors due to its high hardness. Preparation methods developed over thousands of years have come to be incorporated into Asian cuisines, especially for monks. [16] Canada and continental Europe are not known to have any native species of bamboo. However, both have been disputed for different reasons. [citation needed], Bamboo has also long been used as scaffolding; the practice has been banned in China for buildings over six stories, but is still in continuous use for skyscrapers in Hong Kong. The sap of young stalks tapped during the rainy season may be fermented to make ulanzi (a sweet wine) or simply made into a soft drink. Running bamboo species are highly variable in their tendency to spread; this is related to both the species and the soil and climate conditions. [12] However, many species are found in diverse climates, ranging from hot tropical regions to cool mountainous regions and highland cloud forests. In ancient times, those who could afford a big house with a yard would plant bamboo in their garden. In the next year, the pulpy wall of each culm slowly hardens. Individual bamboo culms do not get any taller or larger in diameter in subsequent years than they do in their first year, and they do not replace any growth lost from pruning or natural breakage. The two general patterns for the growth of bamboo are "clumping", and "running", with short and long underground rhizomes, respectively. If neglected, over time, they can cause problems by moving into adjacent areas. Bamboo is an alternative to plastic that is renewable and can be replenished at a fast rate. Pine (matsu 松 in Japanese) is of the first rank, bamboo (take 竹) is of second rank, and plum (ume 梅) is of the third. Nandina, though it's called heavenly bamboo, isn't a bamboo either. The farmer asked the landlord for his daughter's hand in marriage, but the proud landlord would not allow her to be bound in marriage to a poor farmer. Once the poles are lined up together, they cut a hole crosswise through the poles at each end and use a small bamboo pole pushed through that hole like a screw to hold all the long bamboo poles together.